Generic Name: Ambroxol
Brand Name: Natabron
Mode of Action: It stimulates serous cells of gland of bronchi mucous membranes, increasing mucous secretion content, due to which serous-to-mucous expectoration components relation is changed. It changes the structure of bronchial secretion by reducing and fragmenting mucopolysaccharide fibers, resulting in reduction of expectoration viscosity. Also it intensifies motion of ciliated epithelium cilia, increasing expectoration transport. Ambroxol stimulates synthesis of phospholipids by alveolar cells and formation of surfactant lipids.
Indication: All forms of tracheobronchitis, emphysema with bronchitis pneumoconiosis, chronic inflammatory pulmonary conditions, bronchiectasis, and bronchitis with bronchospasm asthma. Given to the client, so that the client can easily expectorate phlegm.
Contraindications: gastric ulceration
Adverse Reactions: Gastrointestinal diturbances
- Advise the patient to take the medicationwith food.
- The patient should be instructed to swallow the tablet whole and not chew to prevent choking or reduced effectiveness.
- Encourage the patient to spit into a tissue rather than swallow the sputum. Take note of the color and consistency and report any changes to the physician.
- Prior to administering and immediately after, listen to the patient’s lung sounds and note any abnormalities. Regularly assess these sounds to ensure the medication is working properly.
- Suctioning equipment to clear the airways of excess mucus should be kept nearby. This is especially important in patients who cannot clear their own airways, such as unconscious patients or those with tracheotomies.
- Instruct the patient or caretakers to report any difficulties with breathing or clearing the airways.